SPEECH BEHAVIOR OF RUSSIAN AND AMERICAN YOUNG PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT SUBCULTURES: PRAGMALINGUISTIC ASPECT

Abstract. Stereotyped and individual speech behaviour of Russian and American young people was examined with the help of Pragmalinguistic comparative analysis, taking into account national-cultural specificity of the addressers (Russian-speaking and English-speaking young people of different subcultures). The purpose of the article is to identify the national specifics of the speech behavior of Russian and American youth according to the speech strategy “Participation / non-participation of communicants in a speech event”.

The tasks:

  • to identify some individual and personal qualities of the youth;
  • to diagnose stereotyped speech behavior of youth groups of different subcultures;
  • to analyze speech specifics of the authors by their nationality. The texts of the representatives of the now-known subcultures were studied. Interviews were selected, because in this case each representative speech had not been prepared, which ensured the purity of the experiment. Then, each interview was divided into small syntactic groups, after which the texts were analyzed and the

results were recorded in tables. Next, calculations of updating planes frequency, comparison and interpreting speech portraits of the authors were made. At the end, we compared all the representatives according to their subculture and nationality, after which the results were summed up.

For the purity of the research results, some requirements had been established for representatives of subcultures, namely, all authors belong to the same subculture (hip-hop, rap, rock, blogging, egaming). All addressers are men who are between 21-30 years old. The languages of their interviews are Russian or American English. All interviews were taken between 2016 and 2019.

The texts were analyzed in accordance with the implicit speech strategy “Participation / non-participation of communicants in a speech event”. It is actualized in one of three planes: personal, social or objective.

The study showed that the average speech-genre indicator of young people of different subcultures from different countries as a percentage practically coincides with a small difference in personal, social and subject planes, and, what is also important, a stereotypical tendency toward the prevalence of a personal plane in speech among all representatives remains, which is inherent all youth, regardless of a language and subculture.

Keywords: Pragmalinguistics, implicit speech strategy, addresser, hip-hopper, rapper, blogger, gamer or e-sportsman

Irina A. Zyubina1 , Anna I. Dzyubenko2

1, 2 Southern Federal University Rostov-on-Don, Russia

1 e-mail: irinazyubina@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1265-8366

2 e-mail: dzyubenkoanna@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3228-4277

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