IDENTIFICATION OF EXTREMISM SIGNS THROUGH THE ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT TONALITY

Abstract. In modern society, there is a phenomenon that has
been developing exponentially for the last 25-30 years. This is
extremism. Statistics has little importance here. The most significant thing is to reduce its development, and even better to prevent. Special forces are working on it. These include experts of
linguistics who are specialized in the so-called profiling of texts
or speeches. In particular, there is the identification of extremism
signs through the analysis of the text tonality, which can include
samples of oral speech.
The relevance of this identification needs for such analysis in
different fields of activity. This is particular importance, asmentioned above, for certain special services that are specializedin
the identification of extremists and terrorists, the analysis of their
correspondence in social networks and in very popular messengers today.
The object of the study is a text and its tonality.
Subject — analysis ofthe text tonality.
The objective of this study is to identify the signs of extremism.
Method is manual analysis of the text tonality.
Extremism (from lat. extremus — extreme, excessive) is a commitment to extreme views, methods of action (usually in politics). Extremism affects both individuals and organizations,
mainly political.
Experts of the center for the study of extremism problems of St.
Petersburg state University in the concept of «hate» characterize
the feeling of strong hostility to someone. In the conducted researches it is necessary to be also guided by linguistic (dictionary) interpretation of these concepts. For example, according to
the Large explanatory dictionary of the Russian language, hatred
(hate) is the feeling of the strongest enmity, hostility. And hostility is attitudes and actions imbued with hostility, mutual hatred. To excite — to cause, to awaken some feeling or state.
For the preparation of an expertopinion, the concept of «the direction of speech action» is fundamentally important, which is
determined by the ability of the text to form in the minds of listeners a certain mental result by providing moral and mental impact.
From the point of view of the Russian language Grammar, special grammatical forms, for example, the forms of the verb (2nd
person in plural, imperative mood), indicate the motivation in the
demand’s form, a call to hostile actions. («Destroy!»).
In Russian linguistics and psycholinguistics, the term «creolized
texts» is used. They have a greater impact potential than homogeneous structures. The information they transmit can be both
dynamic (television, radio, oral speech) and static (print media,
propaganda posters, leaflets, etc.).
Thus, we have identified signs of extremism through the analysis
of specific linguistic means in some texts, which include samples
of oral speech.
The scientific novelty of this research is to compare manual
analysis with the work of artificial intelligence. In this case, it is
finding a certain error. This will be done in our next study.
Keywords:extremism, tonality, analysis

Elena O. Popova¹, Yana A. Volkova²
¹ , ² Institute of Foreign Languages
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Moscow, Russia
¹e-mail: london_greenwich @yahoo.com
²e-mail: yana.a.volkova@gmail.com

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