INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS IN MIGRATION PROCESSES: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

Abstract.This article is devoted to the theoretical understanding
of intercultural interaction at the stage of adaptation and integration of migrants. It discloses the approach of creating a multilevel system for the formation ofintercultural communications in
migration processes. The problem of the formation of such a system in Russia in the future is indicated and an approach to itssolution is proposed. In recent years, the world has seen a rapidincrease in population migration. This is largely due to: globalization, accompanied by transparency of state borders; uneven economic development of countries, causing population migration from poor countries to richer countries; the demographic crisisof
the Nordic countries and population growth in the southern and
Asian countries, as well as the growth of military conflicts inthe
world.
The scale of population migration led to: increased crime in the
migration environment, the emergence of refugee camps with
terrifying living conditions for migrants, the spread of slave labor
and slave relations, the growth of extremism and terrorism. One
of the most destructive consequences of large-scale population
migration is the formation by migrants of numerous ethnic enclaves, in which migrants isolate themselves from the local population. Migrants speak their native language, and profess their
own culture and religion. The formation of ethnic enclaves violates the previous way of life of the local population, generates
the radicalization of migration relations between migrants and
the local population, bringing theprocess to the level of hostility.
The presence of enclaves undermines the stability of migrant
populations, creates conditions for the emergence of major social
conflicts, similar to those that have occurred relatively recently
in Australia, Germany, France and several other countries, and
also creates favorable conditions for the spread of extremism and
terrorism all over the world. Destructive consequences of migration are largely due to differences in the cultures of migrantsand
the local population, the complexity of mutual cultural penetration, the inability and sometimes unwillingness of migrants to
adapt and integrate into the host society, as well as the authorities’ inability to facilitate the adaptation of migrants and integrate
them into the host society.
Keywords: population migration, intercultural communication,
intercultural cooperation, intercultural dialogue, migration policy, adaptation of migrants, integration of migrants

Leonid A. Kononov¹, Irina Yu. Glinskaya²
¹Military University of the Ministry of Defense
of the Russian Federation
Moscow, Russia
¹e-mail: kononov50@bk.ru
²Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Moscow, Russia
²e-mail: irina_glinskaya@mail.ru

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