TRAINING ON THE INTERACTION OF CULTURES

Abstract. There is no doubt that the mankind develops in the
direction of the expansion of interrelations between different
countries, nations and their cultures. This tendency manifests itself in the growth of international cultural exchanges and contacts in various spheres (politics, education, religion, etc.).In the
context of an effective intercultural communication the issue of
cultural uniqueness and cultural differences becomes quite topical. It is important to determine cultural peculiarities of different
nations in order to understand each other and to achieve mutual
understanding.
Launching intercultural projectscan help students explore peculiarities of different cultures. It should be noted that to a certain
extent an effective intercultural communication can be taught
through a special training (discussions, exercises, projects, etc.).
One of the examples of such projects can be a project “Exploring
different cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes”.
The project comprises the following steps:
1.Students select the way of communication (e-mail, social
networks, etc.).
2.Students select the topic for discussion (e.g., stereotypes, the
norms of social behavior, family relations, education etc.).
3.Students keep a diary (information about the process of an
intercultural interaction, their thoughts, feelings and observations). Students submit a detailed report, get feedback from their advisor and other participants of the project.

Students write, submit an abstract, take part in a conference
and publish a paper.
Intercultural training through the above mentioned project leads
to the understanding that no culture exists in isolation. Nevertheless, many nations tend to preserve their own cultural values and
may demonstrate resistance to current cultural changes in their
countries, which may range from passive aversion to active resistance to the expansion of foreign cultural values. Intercultural
misunderstanding is obviously connected with the difference in
world views and attitudes, with an inadequate use of native cultural values as a sample to judge foreign cultural values. An effective intercultural communication, understanding and acceptance of other cultures (i.e. tolerance) are results of a purposeful work therefore must be thoroughly taught with the help of
various communication means, e.g., the Internet (an international
project “Exploring different cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes”), communicative exercises, etc.
Keywords: intercultural communication, intercultural training,
intercultural communication project, stereotypes

Karina Y. Eremetova
S.M. Budyonny Military Telecommunications Academy
Saint Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: karinaeremetova@hotmail.com