Abstract.A discursive study of poetic texts is a study not only of
the language of poetic works, butalso of a wide historical, ethnic, social, author’s context and worldview values.
Consider the mechanism of the emergence of new, additional
meanings in poetic texts, «taken in the event aspect:
All Russia, / where so much was executed, — / at the Forefront
of the casino. / Like patches on portoks / around stalls, / stalls, /
stalls. / What is behind? / Kings, / kings, / the best in the world /
barbed wire, / executioners, / Saltychikha, / informers, / informers, / political bureaucrats, / almost similar to outright, / leaders
… Is this really ahead?(Evtushenko).
In a few lines, the poet covered almost the entire history of Russia.
The Frontal placeis located on Red Square in Moscow; it was
used during religious processions and for the public announcement of tsar’s decrees. But too many executions were committed
both at the Frontal place and around it, so in Russia a stereotype
was formed about using this place as a scaffold.
Saltychikha- Darya Nikolaevna Saltykova, nicknamed
Saltychikha and “People” — a Russian landowner, who went
down in history as a sophisticated sadist and serial killer of several dozen serfs subject to her.
The poet also touches on the time of the Stalinist repressions.
And then, after Stalin, the USSRhas always had the best in the
world / barbed wire. The wire was not only literally, but also figuratively: the KGB prosecution, dismissal from work, expulsion
from the Komsomol and the party, aggressive psychiatry.
We will find out the time of stagnation, the time of political bureaucratic, similar to almost vernacular, leaders. With a few
words, the image of a specific time grows up.
And now, in the dashing 90s: like patches on the shirts, around
the stalls, stalls, stalls. The lines are bitter, but honest, with pain
for their country.
Thus, the poetic text artistically reproduces the socioculturalrealities of life of a certain ethnic community, its moral values, history, culture, types of behavior and perception of life.

Elena Yu. Muratova
Vitebsk State University named after P.M. Masherov
Vitebsk, Belarus

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