SPEECH BEHAVIOR OF RUSSIAN AND AMERICAN YOUNG PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT SUBCULTURES: PRAGMALINGUISTIC ASPECT

Abstract. Stereotyped and individual speech behaviour of Russian and American young people was examined with the help of
Pragmalinguistic comparative analysis, taking into account national-cultural specificity of the addressers (Russian-speaking
and English-speaking young people of different subcultures).
The purpose of the article is to identify the national specifics of
the speech behavior of Russian and American youth according to
the speech strategy “Participation / non-participation of communicants in a speech event”.
The tasks:

  • to identify some individual and personal qualities of the youth;
  • to diagnose stereotyped speech behavior of youth groups of different subcultures;
  • to analyze speech specifics ofthe authors by their nationality.
    The texts of the representatives of the now-known subcultures
    were studied. Interviews were selected, because in this case each
    representative speech had not been prepared, which ensured the
    purity of the experiment. Then, each interview was divided into
    small syntactic groups, after which the texts were analyzed and
    the results were recorded in tables. Next, calculations of updating
    planes frequency, comparison and interpreting speech portraits of
    the authors were made. At the end, we compared all the representatives according to their subculture and nationality, after
    which the results were summed up.
    For the purity of the research results, some requirements had
    been established for representatives of subcultures, namely, all
    authors belong to the same subculture (hip-hop, rap, rock, blogging, e-gaming). All addressers are men who are between 21-30
    years old. The languages of their interviews are Russian or
    American English. All interviews were taken between 2016 and 2019.
    The texts were analyzed in accordance with the implicit speech
    strategy “Participation / non-participation of communicants in a
    speech event”. It is actualized in one of three planes: personal,
    social or objective.
    The study showed that the average speech-genre indicator of
    young people of different subcultures from different countries as
    a percentage practically coincides with a small difference in personal, social and subject planes, and, what is also important, a
    stereotypical tendency toward theprevalence of a personal plane
    in speech among all representatives remains, which is inherent
    all youth, regardless of alanguage and subculture.
    Keywords: Pragmalinguistics, implicit speech strategy, addresser, hip-hopper, rapper, blogger, gamer or e-sportsman

Irina A. Zyubina 1 , Anna I. Dzyubenko 2
1, 2
Southern Federal University
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
1
e-mail: irinazyubina@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1265-8366
2
e-mail: dzyubenkoanna@gmail.com
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3228-4277

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